What is phobia and how to tackle it?

What is phobia n how to tackle it

What is Phobia and how to tackle it?

A phobia is an idealistic, exaggerated, and continuous fear of a person, activity, object, animal, or situation. It is a form of anxiety condition that harms an individual’s psychological well-being in that the individual either avoids the triggers or handles them with tension and anxiety. There are several phobias, which are quite specific and limited.

If we take the example of Ailurophobia (Fear of cats), a person lives freely by simply avoiding contact with cats to treat the phobia.


But, some phobias are very extreme and this may lead you to conditions that affect your mental and physical health. If we take the example of Nyctophobia (Fear of darkness or night), a person having this fear might need to change their living habits and in other conditions,

this phobia may lead to a drastic change in location and time of the job, home environment and ambiance and social activities.

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Besides the various phobias that are general and specific, three main phobias that affect the human are defined below.

Social phobia:

People having a disorder of social anxiety are afraid of social situations where they might be judged, embarrassed, or humiliated by others. They become uncomfortable in a place where unfamiliar people are invited. This fear might be of self-representing in front of so many unknown people, in a corporate setting,

or discussion in a public environment. This phobia runs in families and affects the surroundings as well. People having unhappy and negative social experiences are more likely seems to develop this anxiety disorder.


When you are afraid of being in public places where it would be difficult to make a sudden exit is known as Agoraphobia. People avoid going to places and travel and they have panic attacks that involve fear and uncomfortable symptoms like fast heart pulse, quivering, or sweating.

Simple phobia:

Having a fear of animals (cats, dogs, snakes), people (doctors, dentists, clowns), environments (night, dark places, high places), or situations (traveling on a train or plane) comes under the category of simple phobia. These conditions are genetic-based and do not affect humans that much.


Symptoms of phobia might seem due to the existence of feared animals, persons, situations, or places or even sometimes just having the thought of it may trigger the nervousness. Breathing issues, high heart rate, nervousness, sweating, fear of death, and unrealistic feelings are some of the symptoms that occur when a person is experiencing any kind of phobia.


After identifying the symptoms, treatment of phobia is very much important to exterminate it at an early stage otherwise it might be with you forever.

The simplest and most popular method is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which comprises subjecting yourselves to the things you are frightened of so that you can conquer these at your convenience under safe and comfortable circumstances.
For example, if you have a fear of heights, you can be instructed to climb several stairs to gauge how many commands you already have over your environment.
You could have received relief throughout several sessions of comprehension, relaxation, and breathing control.

Other than this, if you are having exposure to phobias occasionally, it might be reduced by taking medications only prescribed by the doctor or having a meditation or relaxation activity at home.


Phobias in general are not that profound if treated properly and on time. Because once your fear goes to your mind, your thought process becomes more instantaneous and you could be having more negative thoughts rather than positive ones. So, to avoid these circumstances, later on, an individual should know phobias, their symptoms, and treatments beforehand.

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